What countries were involved in the battle of midway
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The Battle of Midway: Anatomy of a Decisive World War II Victory - History
Battle of Midway
The four-day Battle of Midway in June was more than just a battle over an air and submarine base. Coming almost exactly six months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, it resulted in a surprising — yet decisive — victory for the United States and would change the course of the war in the Pacific. The location of the Midway Islands and their history are important to know in order to better understand the stakes involved. The Midway Islands were, and still are, an unincorporated territory of the US. The islands were claimed by the US in by Captain N. They were first named Middlebrooks and then just Brooks, but eventually named Midway after the US formally annexed the islands in
Japan hoped to defeat the US Pacific Fleet and use Midway as a base to attack Pearl Harbor, securing dominance in the region and then forcing a negotiated peace. The attack location and time were confirmed when the American base at Midway sent out a false message that it was short of fresh water. Station Hypo where the cryptanalysts were based in Hawaii was able to also give the date June 4 or 5 and the order of battle of the Imperial Japanese Navy. Early on the morning of June 4, aircraft from four Japanese aircraft carriers attacked and severely damaged the US base on Midway. Unbeknownst to the Japanese, the US carrier forces were just to the east of the island and ready for battle. After their initial attacks, the Japanese aircraft headed back to their carriers to rearm and refuel. While the aircraft were returning, the Japanese navy became aware of the presence of US naval forces in the area.
Pacific Fleet. Combined Fleet. Southeast Asia. Southwest Pacific. North America. Manchuria and North Korea. Military historian John Keegan called it "the most stunning and decisive blow in the history of naval warfare",  while another naval historian, Craig Symonds , called it "one of the most consequential naval engagements in world history, ranking alongside Salamis , Trafalgar , and Tsushima , as both tactically decisive and strategically influential.
Together with the Battle of Guadalcanal , the Battle of Midway ended the threat of further Japanese invasion in the Pacific. Despite a setback in May in the indecisive Battle of the Coral Sea , the Japanese had continued with plans to seize Midway Island and bases in the Aleutians. Seeking a naval showdown with the numerically inferior U.
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The Pacific theatre of World War Two is not given much attention in Britain today but it made up a substantial part of the conflict. Fought between the Allies and the Empire of Japan, it lasted from 7 December until 2 September One of the most significant confrontations of the Pacific War began on 4 June when Japanese planes launched bombing raids on Midway, a group of islands under US control. Here are 10 facts about the battle. As a result, US troops had been alerted earlier in the year that Japan was planning an attack. Following his successful attack on Pearl Harbour, he commanded all attacks in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.