What is rome the capital of
Pagan City and Christian Capital: Rome in the 4th Century by John CurranThis academic tome is an in-depth look at Romes architectural and social development in the fourth century AD, a time when paganism was waning and Christianity became the dominant religion.
The first half looks at how the imperial capital, replete with symbols of paganism, slowly transformed into a place of churches and the tombs of martyrs. The second half is social history, looking at the development of the aristocracy of the time and at changing attitudes towards the Roman circus.
There are surprises throughout. While more simplistic books often describe the fourth century as a time of conflict between paganism and Christianity, the reality Curran reveals was much more complex. Christians and pagans lived and worked side by side, and except for some notable examples of persecution, pagans kept most of their religious rights for much of this century.
One of the most interesting chapters was on how Christian aristocrats discouraged individuals of their class from becoming Christian ascetics. (It was all about inheritance and continuing the family line, you see). Another interesting passage studies how the pagan symbols in the Circus Maximus remained in full public view long after most temples were closed, yet gradually lost their pagan meaning to be replaced with a more general one. The statues of Victory, for example, stopped being statues of a goddess and became symbols of the idea of victory.
I found the reading a bit dense at times and the author assumes way too much knowledge. I have a Masters in archaeology (although not Classical archaeology) but didnt know all the terms Curran expected me to. Also, he quotes extensively from French, Latin, and Greek sources without translating them. The French I can do, the Latin kinda sorta, and the Greek, well. . .its all Greek to me!
I think Curran made a serious mistake here. With a bit of extra work, he could attract a much larger readership of educated laymen rather than a tiny audience of fellow academics. Considering the interesting subject matter and the depth of work that went into this book, thats a pity.
What Is the Capital of Italy?
With the enclave of the Vatican City within its territory, Rome is also the center of Roman Catholicism. The city was founded during the eight century BC on an important trade route between the Etruscans to the north and the Greek colonies to the south. Legend has it that originally it was established by the twins, Romus and Romulus, who were raised by a wolf. As the centre of a massive Roman Empire, Rome was already a large city by the second century A. At its peak in the 3rd century, Rome had a population of 2 million!
Rome , Italian Roma , historic city and capital of Roma provincia province , of Lazio regione region , and of the country of Italy. Rome is located in the central portion of the Italian peninsula, on the Tiber River about 15 miles 24 km inland from the Tyrrhenian Sea. Once the capital of an ancient republic and empire whose armies and polity defined the Western world in antiquity and left seemingly indelible imprints thereafter, the spiritual and physical seat of the Roman Catholic Church , and the site of major pinnacles of artistic and intellectual achievement, Rome is the Eternal City, remaining today a political capital, a religious centre, and a memorial to the creative imagination of the past. Area city, square miles 1, square km ; province , 2, square miles 5, square km. For well over a millennium, Rome controlled the destiny of all civilization known to Europe , but then it fell into dissolution and disrepair. Physically mutilated, economically paralyzed, politically senile, and militarily impotent by the late Middle Ages, Rome nevertheless remained a world power—as an idea. The force of Rome the lawgiver, teacher, and builder continued to radiate throughout Europe.
What is Rome? Rome is the capital city of Italy, but also the capital of the Roman Empire.
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Character of the city
A Tour of ROME, ITALY: The Most Incredible City in Europe?
Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome , which has a population of 4,, residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. The Vatican City the smallest country in the world  is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states. Rome's history spans 28 centuries.
During the centuries it was rebuilt many times and had different destinations from the original burial monument to a fortress, from a dark and terrible prison to a wonderful Renaissance museum. Do not forget to throw some coins in its waters, it is said this will bring luck! So, just turn your back and throw a coin into the fountain, and one day you will come back again to Rome, or throw two coins into the fountain and you will fall in love while throwing three coins into the fountain means you will get married in Rome! Villa Borghese is an awe-inspiring park, the green heart of the city, where you can have a wonderful walk surrounded by fountains, Neoclassical statues, natural beauties and lots of attractions. It also hosts several incredible museums, the best is Galleria Borghese with lots of works by Raphael, Titian, Caravaggio, Canova and others. It features wonderful columns and statues, and it is one of the symbols of the city. It is one of the most important buildings in the capital both for artistic and politic reasons.