What are the twelve tables of ancient rome

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what are the twelve tables of ancient rome

The Twelve Tables by Anonymous

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Published 17.09.2019

Roman Society and Political Structure

Twelve Tables

Duodecim Tabularum. Tradition tells us that the code was composed by a commission, first of ten and then of twelve men, in B. If the plaintiff summons the defendant to court the defendant shall go. If the defendant does not go the plaintiff shall call a witness thereto. Only then the plaintiff shall seize the defendant. If sickness or age is an impediment he who summons the defendant to court shall grant him a vehicle.

The Tables consolidated earlier traditions into an enduring set of laws. Their formulation was the result of considerable agitation by the plebeian class, who had hitherto been excluded from the higher benefits of the Republic. The law had previously been unwritten and exclusively interpreted by upper-class priests, the pontifices. Cicero scarcely exaggerated; the Twelve Tables formed the basis of Roman law for a thousand years. The Twelve Tables are sufficiently comprehensive that their substance has been described as a 'code', [4] although modern scholars consider this characterization exaggerated.

What is the definition of the law of the twelve tables and why were they important for Ancient Rome? Dr Miles Russell brings you the facts…. Created around BC, the tables were a code that set out the rights and obligations of the people in areas such as marriage, divorce, burial, inheritance, property and ownership, injury, compensation, debt and slavery. Key provisions included the establishment of burial grounds outside the limits of the city walls, the control of property if the stakeholder was decreed insane, the continual guardianship of women passing from father to husband , the treatment of children and of slaves as property , and the settling of compensation claims for injuries sustained at work. Although the power of the ruling classes was not really constrained by the plebs, the twelve tables were never repealed — they formed the cornerstone of Roman law until well into the 5th century AD. Dr Miles Russell is a senior lecturer in prehistoric and Roman archaeology, with more than 25 years experience of archaeological fieldwork and publication.

The Twelve Tables allegedly were written by 10 commissioners decemvirs at the insistence of the plebeians , who felt their legal rights were hampered by the fact that court judgments were rendered according to unwritten custom preserved only within a small group of learned patricians.
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The period in history when Rome was a kingdom was finally over. After years of fighting against the last king of Rome, Tarquin the Proud , the people of Rome won! Tarquin the Proud was not a good king. He was a tyrant and the people hated him. History is not clear about how the ancient Romans got rid of Tarquin, but historians do know the people were finally free to form a new government. It was very important to the ancient Romans that this new government be a fair government, and that all laws applied equally to all the citizen Rome, be they rich or poor. They called their new government SPQR.



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