Which is a focus of realist literature
Realism Quotes (291 quotes)
Realism in Literature
Broadly defined as "the faithful representation of reality" or "verisimilitude," realism is a literary technique practiced by many schools of writing. Although strictly speaking, realism is a technique, it also denotes a particular kind of subject matter, especially the representation of middle-class life. A reaction against romanticism, an interest in scientific method, the systematizing of the study of documentary history, and the influence of rational philosophy all affected the rise of realism.
Realism (late 1800s-early 1900s)
In general, realism in art and literature refers to the attempt to represent familiar and everyday people and situations in an accurate, unidealized manner. More specifically, the term "realism" refers to a literary and artistic movement of the late 's and early 's. This movement was a reaction against romanticism. Romanticism was an earlier movement that presented the world in much more idealized terms. Almost every work of literature has some degree of realism. This is because it is important for readers to recognize and identify with the characters and the world they inhabit.
Realism is a widely used term in the arts. In literature, it came into being as a response to Romanticism. While Romanticism focused on the inner, spiritual side of human nature, and was skewed toward the exceptional and Sublime, Realism focused on the mundane, the everyday. Realism focussed on the ideology of objective reality and revolted against exaggerated emotionalism of Romanticism. It was more "democratic" in orientation, interested in the life of the majority, not the elite.
Literary realism is part of the realist art movement beginning with mid- nineteenth-century French literature Stendhal , and Russian literature Alexander Pushkin and extending to the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Realist authors chose to depict everyday and banal activities and experiences, instead of using a romanticized or similarly stylized presentation. Broadly defined as "the representation of reality",  realism in the arts is the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, as well as implausible, exotic and supernatural elements. Realism has been prevalent in the arts at many periods, and is in large part a matter of technique and training, and the avoidance of stylization. In the visual arts, illusionistic realism is the accurate depiction of lifeforms, perspective, and the details of light and colour. Realist works of art may emphasize the ugly or sordid, such as works of social realism , regionalism , or kitchen sink realism.
In a Nutshell
The day was August 14, I borrowed a book from my 12 year old nephew. It had a dragon on the cover. I had officially become a complete dork. My life was spinning out of control. I had spent my life ridiculing the Star Trek Convention, fantasy literature, and King Arthur's knights with my football teammates at lumberjack camps. Now, I was reading books with dragons on the front.
When you think about the classics of world literature, some of the first things you think of are probably humungous novels like War and Peace , Anna Karenina , Great Expectations , Madame Bovary , or Middlemarch. Sure do. They're also works of Realism. Realism is a literary movement that developed in the middle of the 19th century in France and then spread like wildfire throughout the rest of Europe, all the way to Russia, and then overseas to the US. Realism, as you might guess by its title, is all about portraying real life. Realist writers write about regular folks—bored housewives, petty government officials, poor spinsters, poor teenagers—living ordinary lives. Let's face it: most of us don't live crazy exciting lives, after all.