Johannes kepler cause of death
Johannes Kepler Quotes (Author of Somnium)
Period 3 Johannes Kepler
Did Johannes Kepler Murder Tycho Brahe?
This is a beta version of NNDB. He was the eldest child of an ill-assorted union. His father, Henry Kepler, was a reckless soldier of fortune; his mother, Catherine Guldenmann, the daughter of the burgomaster of Eltingen, was undisciplined and ill-educated. Her husband found campaigning in Flanders under Alva a welcome relief from domestic life; and, after having lost all he possessed by a forfeited security and tried without success the trade of tavernkeeping in the village of Elmendingen, he finally, in , deserted his family. The misfortune and misconduct of his parents were not the only troubles of Kepler's childhood. He recovered from smallpox in his fourth year with crippled hands and eyesight permanently impaired; and a constitution enfeebled by premature birth had to withstand successive shocks of severe illness.
He is a key figure in the 17th-century scientific revolution , best known for his laws of planetary motion , and his books Astronomia nova , Harmonices Mundi , and Epitome Astronomiae Copernicanae. These works also provided one of the foundations for Newton 's theory of universal gravitation. Kepler was a mathematics teacher at a seminary school in Graz , where he became an associate of Prince Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg. He also taught mathematics in Linz , and was an adviser to General Wallenstein. Additionally, he did fundamental work in the field of optics , invented an improved version of the refracting or Keplerian telescope , and was mentioned in the telescopic discoveries of his contemporary Galileo Galilei. He was a corresponding member of the Accademia dei Lincei in Rome.
The suspicious nature of Tycho Brahe's death in , and Johannes Kepler's possible role in his end, constitutes one of history's greatest unsolved murder mysteries. The question has produced many claims from the plausible to the extraordinary, but it appears that while Kepler may in fact have had some motive for killing his superior, the evidence does not definitively point to him. Kepler's involvement is just one of three reasonable theories. The second suggests that his death was accidental; the final theory proposing that the perpetrator was in fact his cousin, Erik Brahe, working as a part of a broader conspiracy. Tycho Brahe was the famous and gifted Danish astronomer of the sixteenth century who contributed to the beginning of modern astronomy. He made key observations of Mars and many stars, using his own personal observatory but without the use of a telescope which had yet to be invented , and argued for his own version of the Copernican model.
When Johannes Kepler was born in the late 16th century, people thought that planets in the solar system traveled in circular orbits around Earth. An occasional problem such as Mars appearing to suddenly reverse course was solved by the addition of miniature circles, or epicycles, to planetary paths. But Kepler not only adamantly defended the idea that planets orbit the sun, he also revealed that their paths were not perfect circles. His descriptions of planetary motions became known as Kepler's laws. Today, these laws not only describe planetary motion but also determine the orbits of satellites and space stations. While there, he was introduced to the work of Nicolaus Copernicus , who had written that the planets orbited the sun rather than Earth.