Bhagavad gita in english chapter 1
The Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1 to 13 - English by Sri Sri Ravi ShankarOn the first day of the war, Arjuna asks Lord Krishna, his charioteer, to take the chariot between both the armies. On both the sides are family, friends, Gurus, elders, near and dear ones he has grown up with. Victory at the cost of the lives of his kinsmen drives a shudder through the brave warrior. He expresses his inability to fight and slay his kith and kin. Lord Krishna puts on the mantle of a Guru and counsels and guides Arjuna. The conversation between both of them is the Bhagavad Gita.
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The Gita is set in a narrative framework of a dialogue between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide and charioteer Krishna. At the start of the Dharma Yudhha righteous war between Pandavas and Kauravas , Arjuna is filled with moral dilemma and despair about the violence and death the war will cause. He wonders if he should renounce and seeks Krishna's counsel, whose answers and discourse constitute the Bhagadvad Gita. Krishna counsels Arjuna to "fulfill his Kshatriya warrior duty to uphold the Dharma " through "selfless action". The Bhagavad Gita presents a synthesis   of Hindu ideas about dharma ,    theistic bhakti ,   and the yogic ideals  of moksha. Numerous commentaries have been written on the Bhagavad Gita with widely differing views on the essentials. Vedanta commentators read varying relations between Self and Brahman in the text: Advaita Vedanta sees the non-dualism of Atman soul and Brahman as its essence,  whereas Bhedabheda and Vishishtadvaita see Atman and Brahman as both different and non-different, and Dvaita sees them as different.
The two armies had gathered on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, well prepared to fight a war that was inevitable. It was apparent that they would fight, then why did he ask such a question? He had usurped the kingdom of Hastinapur from the rightful heirs; the Pandavas, sons of his brother Pandu. Feeling guilty of the injustice he had done towards his nephews, his conscience worried him about the outcome of this battle. Dhritarashtra feared that the holy land might influence the minds of his sons. If it aroused the faculty of discrimination, they might turn away from killing their cousins and negotiate a truce.
A tHa pratHamO a dHyaaya:. A rjhunavishaadhayogha:.
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The war of Mahaabhaarata has begun after all negotiations by Lord Krishna and others to avoid it failed. The blind King Dhritaraashtra was never very sure about the victory of his sons Kauravas in spite of their superior army. Sage Vyasa, the author of Mahaabhaarata, wanted to give the blind king the boon of eyesight so that the king could see the horrors of the war for which he was primarily responsible. But the king refused the offer. He did not want to see the horrors of the war; but preferred to get the war report through his charioteer, Sanjaya. Sage Vyasa granted the power of clairvoyance and clairvision to Sanjaya. With this power Sanjaya could see, hear and recall the events of the past, present, and the future.
Dhrtarastra said: O Sanjaya, after assembling in the place of pilgrimage at Kuruksetra, what did my sons and the sons of Pandu do, being desirous to fight? Sanjaya said: O King, after looking over the army gathered by the sons of Pandu, King Duryodhana went to his teacher and began to speak the following words:. O my teacher, behold the great army of the sons of Pandu, so expertly arranged by your intelligent disciple, the son of Drupada. Here in this army there are many heroic bowmen equal in fighting to Bhima and Arjuna; there are also great fighters like Yuyudhana, Virata and Drupada. There are the mighty Yudhamanyu, the very powerful Uttamauja, the son of Subhadra and the sons of Draupadi. All these warriors are great chariot fighters. O best of the brahmanas, for your information, let me tell you about the captains who are especially qualified to lead my military force.
Srimad-Bhagavad-Gita , English translation and commentary by Swami Swarupananda, , at sacred-texts. Tell me, O Sanjaya! These I relate to you for your information. That powerful, oldest of the Kurus, Bhishma the grandsire, in order to cheer Duryodhana, now sounded aloud a lion-roar and blew his conch. O Lord of Earth! Place my chariot, O Achyuta!