Hiram bingham facts for kids
Turn Right at Machu Picchu: Rediscovering the Lost City One Step at a Time by Mark Adams
July 24, 1911, was a day for the history books. For on that rainy morning, the young Yale professor Hiram Bingham III climbed into the Andes Mountains of Peru and encountered an ancient city in the clouds: the now famous citadel of Machu Picchu. Nearly a century later, news reports have recast the hero explorer as a villain who smuggled out priceless artifacts and stole credit for finding one of the worlds greatest archaeological sites.
Mark Adams has spent his career editing adventure and travel magazines, so his plan to investigate the allegations against Bingham by retracing the explorers perilous path to Machu Picchu isnt completely far- fetched, even if it does require him to sleep in a tent for the first time. With a crusty, antisocial Australian survivalist and several Quechua-speaking, coca-chewing mule tenders as his guides, Adams takes readers through some of the most gorgeous and historic landscapes in Peru, from the ancient Inca capital of Cusco to the enigmatic ruins of Vitcos and Vilcabamba.
Along the way he finds a still-undiscovered country populated with brilliant and eccentric characters, as well as an answer to the question that has nagged scientists since Hiram Binghams time: Just what was Machu Picchu?
Guide to Machu Picchu for Children: Lost City of the Inca for Kids - FreeSchool
Machu Picchu facts for kids
He made public the existence of the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu in with the guidance of local indigenous farmers. He attended O'ahu College, now known as Punahou School , from to He went to the United States in his teens in order to complete his education, entering Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts , from which he graduated in He earned a B. Since Harvard at the time did not have a specialist in Latin American history , Edward Gaylord Bourne of Yale served as the examiner for Bingham's qualifying exams. He taught history and politics at Harvard and then served as preceptor under Woodrow Wilson at Princeton University.
Hiram Bingham , born Nov. Bingham may have been preceded by the German adventurer Augusto Berns , who, some scholars believe, visited the site in Whether or not he was preceded by Berns, however, Bingham and his work were the key catalysts for the archaeological investigation of sites in the Andes and other parts of South America. As a boy, Bingham learned mountaineering from his father, a well-known Pacific missionary. This skill vastly aided his Inca research. Bingham was a member of the history faculty at Yale University from until
Hiram Bingham was an American explorer who discovered the famous Inca ruins of Machu Picchu and other important Inca sites. Hiram Bingham was born in Honolulu, Hawaii, on November 19, , the son of retired missionaries from an old Hawaiian family. He graduated from Yale University and then returned to Hawaii for a short time. He decided on an academic career and received his Master of Arts degree from the University of California at Berkeley. He completed his studies at Yale, earning a doctorate in Latin American history. He returned in and retraced the Spanish trade route from Buenos Aires to Lima.
Further Reading on Hiram Bingham
What you didn't know about Peru
At the age of twenty five, he married an heiress, Alfreda Mitchell whose family was best known for the Tiffany brand. The marriage laid the foundation for his later exploratory activities. He had access to the necessary funds to support his dream of undertaking exploration in his area of expertise and so, six years after his marriage, and substantial amounts of planning and organizing, he set off on his first expedition to South America. This first trip in was an attempt to retrace the steps of an earlier explorer, Simon Bolivar, who in , travelled overland from Venezuela to Colombia. Hiram relished this first trip and his passion for South America was further fuelled by the experience and set the scene for further trips. This trip was the precursor to his most famous exploration.
The Incas built the city on a mountain ridge, m above sea level. They lived there between and AD. Other people lived there before about AD. The Incas built houses, fields and temples by cutting the rock on the mountain so it was flat. They built an Observatory to look at the stars. Nobody knows for sure why they did that, but some think it was because of diseases from Europe.
Machu Picchu is the name of an abandoned stone city built by the Incas. It is a popular place to visit in the Andes Mountains in Peru, western South America, receiving over 1 million visitors in recent years. Answer: Although a lot of important work has been carried out to try to understand the site of Machu Picchu and the Inca culture, historians are not completely sure what Machu Picchu was used for. The Incas did not have a written form of their language, so it is difficult for historians to find out details of their beliefs and culture. This mystery has added to its attraction and various ideas have been suggested. The construction of Machu Picchu would have been very difficult, it is very high up and preparing the site itself, the terraces and the water supply would have required an enormous amount of organization, time and effort.