When did britain colonize kenya

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when did britain colonize kenya

Colonization Quotes (68 quotes)

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Colonization of Africa - summary from mid-15th century to 1980

2. British Kenya (1920-1963)

Mombasa had long been known to Europeans, the Portugese had used it as a trading base for many years. The African tribes in East Africa resented this Arab rule but could do little to resist it. The Arab control was tied up very much with the ivory and slave trades. It was this attachment to slavery that brought the area to the attention of the British public. David Livingstone used Zanzibar as a starting point for his explorations of the interior.

The Europeans

The Nilotic and Bantu people also moved into the region during the first millennium AD. Evolving from a mixture of Bantu and Arabic, the Swahili language then developed as a lingua franca for trade between the different peoples. When the Portuguese arrived in , the Arab dominance on the coast was clipped, as the Port of Mombasa became an important resupply stop for ships bound for the Far East. The Portuguese gave way in turn to Islamic control under the Imam of Oman in the s until another European influence came along, this time from the United Kingdom during the 19th century. The roots of the colonial history of Kenya go back to the Berlin Conference in , when East Africa was first divided into territories of influence by the European powers. The British Government founded the East African Protectorate in and soon after, opened the fertile highlands to white settlers.

In the East Africa Protectorate was turned into a colony and renamed Kenya, for its highest mountain. The colonial government began to concern itself with the plight of African peoples; in the colonial secretary issued a White Paper in which he indicated that African interests in the colony had to be paramount, although his declaration did not immediately result in any great improvement in conditions. One area that definitely needed improvement was education for Africans; up to that point nearly all African schooling had been provided by missionaries. As more Africans worked on European farms and in urban areas such as Nairobi , they began to imitate political techniques used by European settlers as they attempted to gain more direct representation in colonial politics. At the outset, political pressure groups developed along ethnic lines, the first one being the Young Kikuyu Association later the East African Association , established in , with Harry Thuku as its first president. The group, which received most of its support from young men and was not supported by most of the older chiefs, demanded African representation in the legislature and won support among the Kikuyu when it complained about low wages, the prohibition of coffee growing by Africans, and the condemnation by Christian missionaries of such traditional practices as female genital cutting. At a protest in March Thuku was arrested, and eventually he was exiled for more than eight years.

Several thousand individuals demonstrated outside the Central Police Station in Nairobi on March 16, Police fired on the demonstrators, killing at least 20 demonstrators. The Legislative Council had 17 elected seats, including 11 seats for whites, five seats for Indians, and one seat for Arabs. The Indians boycotted the elections due to their opposition to the separate ballots for whites and Indians. Edward W.


  1. Fusberta L. says:

    A part of Eastern Africa, the territory of what is now Kenya has seen human habitation since the beginning of the Lower Paleolithic.

  2. Meiniterea says:

    Kenya is a country in East Africa with a population of 44 million people and the largest economy of the region.

  3. Ospretousec says:

    History of Kenya - Wikipedia

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