The battle of britain and the london blitz
Forgotten Voices of the Blitz and the Battle for Britain: A New History in the Words of the Men and Women on Both Sides by Joshua LevineDrawing material from the Imperial War Museums extensive aural archive, Joshua Levine brings together voices from both sides of the Blitz and the Battle of Britain to give us a unique, complete and compelling picture of this turbulent time.
In June 1940, British citizens prepared for an imminent German onslaught. Hitlers troops had overrun Holland, Belgium and France in quick succession, and the British people anticipated an invasion would soon be upon them. From July to October, they watched the Battle of Britain play out in the skies above them, aware that the result would decide their fate. Over the next nine months, the Blitz killed more than 43,000 civilians. For a year, the citizens of Britain were effectively front-line soldiers in a battle which united the country against a hated enemy.
We hear from the soldiers, airmen, fire-fighters, air-raid wardens and civilians, people in the air and on the ground, on both sides of the battle, giving us a thrilling account of Britain under siege. With first-hand testimonies from those involved in Dunkirk and the Battle of Britain, Black Saturday on 7th September 1940 when the Luftwaffe began the Blitz, to its climax on the 10th May 1941, this is the definitive oral history of a period when Britain came closer to being overwhelmed by the enemy than at any other time in modern history.
The Battle of Britain and the Blitz
Articles such as this one were acquired and published with the primary aim of expanding the information on Britannica. Although these articles may currently differ in style from others on the site, they allow us to provide wider coverage of topics sought by our readers, through a diverse range of trusted voices. These articles have not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected. Questions or concerns? Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? Let us know. The British lacked effective antiaircraft artillery and searchlights, as well as night fighters that could find and shoot down an aircraft in darkness.
The Blitz, (September –May ), nighttime bombing raids against defeat Britain's Royal Air Force in the Battle of Britain (July–September ). London was subjected to Luftwaffe attacks for 76 consecutive nights.
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Oxford Bibliographies in Military History
The term was first used by the British press and is the German word for 'lightning'. The Germans conducted mass air attacks against industrial targets, towns, and cities, beginning with raids on London towards the end of the Battle of Britain in a battle for daylight air superiority between the Luftwaffe and the Royal Air Force over the United Kingdom. From 7 September , London was systematically bombed by the Luftwaffe for 56 of the following 57 days and nights. The Luftwaffe gradually decreased daylight operations in favour of night attacks to evade attack by the RAF, and the Blitz became a night bombing campaign after October The North Sea port of Hull , a convenient and easily found target or secondary target for bombers unable to locate their primary targets, suffered the Hull Blitz. Poor intelligence about British industry and economic efficiency led to OKL concentrating on tactics rather than strategy.
Mediterranean and Middle East. It has been described as the first major military campaign fought entirely by air forces. The primary objective of the German forces was to compel Britain to agree to a negotiated peace settlement. In July , the air and sea blockade began, with the Luftwaffe mainly targeting coastal-shipping convoys, ports and shipping centres, such as Portsmouth. Eventually, it employed terror bombing on areas of political significance and on civilians.