Difference between animals and humans philosophy
Animals Quotes (1231 quotes)
What makes humans special?
The Origin Of Speciesism By Peter Singer
Humans and all other animals are alike in many ways, but due to some very distinct differences, humans and animals should have some of the same rights but realistically cannot be treated equal. - The Moral Difference between Animals and Humans. A moral issue is generally considered to be one which arises from the need to take another person's interests into consideration.
What place should non-human animals have in an acceptable moral system? These animals exist on the borderline of our moral concepts; the result is that we sometimes find ourselves according them a strong moral status, while at other times denying them any kind of moral status at all. For example, public outrage is strong when knowledge of "puppy mills" is made available; the thought here is that dogs deserve much more consideration than the operators of such places give them. Philosophical thinking on the moral standing of animals is diverse and can be generally grouped into three general categories: Indirect theories, direct but unequal theories, and moral equality theories. Indirect theories deny animals moral status or equal consideration with humans due to a lack of consciousness, reason, or autonomy.
What separates human beings from their animal ancestors? There are many traits and behaviours that make humans exceptional. Some of these traits and behaviours are easy to identify. To take one example, humans communicate linguistically in a way that is strikingly different from our great ape ancestors. And while there are other differences between humans and animals, many are hard to identify and quantify. Over the last fifty years or so, however, researchers have developed models, experimental paradigms and tests that provide greater and greater insight into what makes human beings exceptional.
One of the greatest values inherent in philosophical activity is that it forces a reconsideration of many of the assumptions that we accept as axiomatic and take for granted. This is true throughout the history of philosophy: Parmenides and his disciple Zeno forced us to realize that we thoroughly did not understand the nature of motion by raising questions that remain in some senses still problematic today. Descartes and his mentor, Plato forced us, as against common sense, to question the degree to which sense experience provides a reliable basis for knowledge. Hume showed us that even our knowledge of the self could not be coherently explicated. And such forced re-examination of our assumptions is at least as operative in ethics as it is in metaphysics. In ethics, this process has had innumerable salubrious consequences for society. Massive amounts of non-rationally justifiable forms of exclusion and discrimination directed against other human beings have been rejected after being shown to be morally indefensible.