Aristotle and st thomas aquinas

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aristotle and st thomas aquinas

Aristotle On Interpretation: Commentary by St. Thomas and Caejtan by Thomas Aquinas

Aristotles works have influenced science, religion, and philosophy for nearly two thousand years. He could be thought of as the father of logical thought. Aristotle wrote: There is nothing in the intellect that was not first in the senses. He wrote that everything that is learned in life is learned through sensory perception. Aristotle was the first to establish the founding principle of logic. The great writer Dante called Aristotle The Master of those who know. The Roman writer Cicero viewed Aristotles work so highly that he called them A river of gold.
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Aquinas & the Cosmological Arguments: Crash Course Philosophy #10

Although Neoplatonism was the major philosophical influence on Christian thought in its early period and has never ceased to be an important element within it, Aristotelianism also shaped Christian teachings. Aristotle’s thought had a profound impact on generations of medieval.
Thomas Aquinas

Saint Thomas Aquinas

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An easy, but accurate way of distinguishing the ethics of Aristotle from that of Aquinas lies in examining the fundamental questions they ask. To these questions, Aristotle responds by explaining that we are social beings; that we should live a life of virtue in accordance with reason; and that our end is happiness. He elaborates on the fact that we are social beings who, if we are to achieve happiness, must be reasonable and live a life of virtue. If there is a flaw or weakness in this scheme, it is because Aristotle assigns reason far more prominence than love. We know that a cunning person who is not concerned about behaving ethically can employ reason in ways that are not virtuous.

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Although Neoplatonism was the major philosophical influence on Christian thought in its early period and has never ceased to be an important element within it, Aristotelianism also shaped Christian teachings. At first known for his works on logic, Aristotle gained fuller appreciation in the 12th and 13th centuries when his works on physics, metaphysics , and ethics became available in Latin, translated either from the Greek or from Arabic sources. Thomas Aquinas c. Thomas, however, in distinction from Aristotle, added divinely revealed propositions to self-evident truths in forming his basis for inference. With the gradual breakdown of the medieval worldview, the nature of the philosophical enterprise began to change. There has long ceased to be a generally accepted philosophical framework, comparable with Neoplatonism, in terms of which Christianity can appropriately be expressed and defended.

Thomas Aquinas involves a merger of at least two apparently disparate traditions: Aristotelian eudaimonism and Christian theology. Achieving happiness, however, requires a range of intellectual and moral virtues that enable us to understand the nature of happiness and motivate us to seek it in a reliable and consistent way. On the other hand, Aquinas believes that we can never achieve complete or final happiness in this life. For him, final happiness consists in beatitude, or supernatural union with God. Such an end lies far beyond what we through our natural human capacities can attain. Moreover, Aquinas believes that we inherited a propensity to sin from our first parent, Adam.

3 COMMENTS

  1. Cuesnatinuap says:

    According to Aquinas, The Summa Theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas, he cites Aristotle who wrote, "The good is that which all desire.

  2. Brittany W. says:

    An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.

  3. Maximilian G. says:

    The cosmological or causal argument for the existence of god takes the view that there must be a cause either in the sense of a prior event, or a reason for the occurrence of an event.

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