Mass society and mass culture
Literature and Mass Culture: Volume 1, Communication in Society by Leo LowenthalThis first volume of the collected writings of sociologist Leo Lowenthal contains his classic theoretical and historical writings on the relationship of art to mass culture. This book series presents Lowenthals contributions to a theory of the role of communication in modern society.
This volume lays out the basis for a theory of mass culture. Lowenthal demonstrates that the juxtaposition of a lowmass culture and a highesoteric culture did not originate in contemporary industrial, bourgeois society but can be traced back to the Middle Ages and antiquity.
Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. The category of mass society appears in the early nineteenth century as a way to describe contemporary societies after industrialization: the demographic, economic, political, and cultural social transformations between the Industrial Revolution and the French Revolution. Mass society went on to describe any society in which the masses occupy roles and spaces previously reserved to its ruling classes or social groups dependent on them. Mass culture began with the popular press in the late nineteenth century, and after World War I there were mass film and radio, literature, and popular music. The article describes a history of both categories and its relations, as well as the different perspectives from academia, from the early twentieth century to the present.
Mass society , concept used to characterize modern society as homogenized but also disaggregated, because it is composed of atomized individuals. The term is often used pejoratively to denote a modern condition in which traditional forms of human association have broken down and been replaced by conformist or even totalitarian forms of collective behaviour. The idea of mass society originated in the conservative reaction to the French Revolution — For critics such as Hippolyte Taine , the real significance of the Revolution lay not in the constitutional changes it brought about but in the deep social upheaval it caused. For these thinkers, the Revolution undermined traditional institutions such as the Roman Catholic Church and thus weakened the social bonds that held French society together.
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PDF | MASS SOCIETY AND MASS CULTURE | ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists.
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Mass society is any society of the modern era that possesses a mass culture and large-scale, impersonal, social institutions. In the work of early 19th century political theorists such as Alexis de Tocqueville , the term was used in discussions of elite concerns about a shift in the body politic of the Western world pronounced since the French Revolution.,