Emotion and reason in ethics
Reason and Emotion in International Ethics by Ren JefferyThe study of international ethics is marked by an overwhelming bias towards reasoned reflection at the expense of emotionally driven moral deliberation. For rationalist cosmopolitans in particular, reason alone provides the means by which we can arrive at the truly impartial moral judgments a cosmopolitan ethic demands. However, are the emotions as irrational, selfish and partial as most rationalist cosmopolitans would have us believe? By re-examining the central claims of the eighteenth-century moral sentiment theorists in light of cutting-edge discoveries in the fields of neuroscience and psychology, Rene Jeffery argues that the dominance of rationalism and marginalisation of emotions from theories of global ethics cannot be justified. In its place she develops a sentimentalist cosmopolitan ethic that does not simply provide a framework for identifying injustices and prescribing how we ought to respond to them, but which actually motivates action in response to international injustices such as global poverty.
Global Ethics Forum: Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them
The relationship between emotion and reason
The relationship between emotion and reason is commonly thought to be a problematic one. But the latest thinking challenges that assumption.. More basic and primitive reactions such as rage, fear, joy, and so forth do not involve any conscious input from us, so should not conceived of as part of the mind. A simpler way of putting this is by asking to what extent are reason and emotion linked? Are they separate, or are they the same? This question is simple enough to answer if you are a dualist: reason belongs in the mind, and emotion in our body, where is resides alongside instinct and other non-cognitive responses.
In this schema, faith is beyond reason, but it may or may not be incompatible with reason. Such usage is not, however, uniform, for some philosophers argue that the content of religious faith e. Emotions anger, love, hate, happiness are sometimes distinguished from reason in ethical theory and thought to be in tension, though more recent works by Robert Solomon and others treat emotions as essentially involving reason.
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Psychologists and neuroscientists like Jonathan Haidt and Joshua Greene have used hypothetical moral dilemmas like this one to study some of the unconscious processes that go into moral decision-making. Their research has led to some fascinating findings about how emotions and environmental cues work together to influence our moral choices. - I'd say that reason is a "component" of ethical living.