Greek goddess of music and dance
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The Nine Muses of the Greek Mythology
Even the gods love to get down now and then! To celebrate International Dance Day, designed to promote worldwide appreciation for the art of movement, here are the divine dance numbers, from mythological marimbas to deity disco , that tore up the mythical world. Terpsichore was one of the Nine Muses , goddesses of the arts in Greek mythology. But Terpsichore could shake it with the best of them. According to Apollonius Rhodius, the Sirens, deadly sea nymphs who attempted to lure sailors to their deaths with their beautiful voices, were her kids by Achelous, a river god whom Heracles once wrestled. She also danced in honor of the Roman emperor Honorius, who ruled in the late fourth century A.
In ancient Greece, nine goddesses were believed to rule over all the major literary and artistic spheres. They were called the Muses. The Muse ruling dance and choral music was Terpsichore. In addition to dance, she has more recently been invoked as a metaphor for rhythm and ordered movement in the universe, such as mechanical oscillations. In Archaic Greece, the Muses were simply goddesses associated with song and dance.
Dance is present in mythology and religion globally. Dance has certainly been an important part of ceremony , rituals , celebrations and entertainment since before the birth of the earliest human civilizations. Archeology delivers traces of dance from prehistoric times such as the 5,year-old Bhimbetka rock shelters paintings in India and Egyptian tomb paintings depicting dancing figures from c. One of the earliest structured uses of dances may have been in the performance and in the telling of myths. It was also sometimes used to show feelings for one of the opposite gender. It is also linked to the origin of "love making. Another early use of dance may have been as a precursor to ecstatic trance states in healing rituals.
In Greek mythology, Terpsichore is one of the nine Muses and goddess of dance and chorus. She lends her name to the word "terpsichorean" which means "of or relating to dance". She is usually depicted sitting down, holding a lyre, accompanying the dancers' choirs with her music.
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Who Are the Nine Greek Muses?
In the classical era, when the Mousai were assigned specific literary and artistic spheres, Terpsikhore was named Muse of choral song and dancing, and depicted with a lyre and plectrum. Her name means "Delighting in Dance" from the Greek words terpsis "to delight" and khoros "dance". Hesiod, Theogony 75 ff trans. Pindar, Isthmian Ode 2. Conway Greek lyric C5th B. Pindar, Dirges Fragment trans.
They are considered the source of the knowledge embodied in the poetry , lyric songs , and myths that were related orally for centuries in these ancient cultures. In current English usage, "muse" can refer in general to a person who inspires an artist, musician, or writer. Beekes rejects both etymologies and suggests a Pre-Greek origin. The earliest known records of the Nine Muses are from Boeotia , the homeland of Hesiod. Some ancient authorities thought that the Nine Muses were of Thracian origin. Writers similarly disagree also concerning the number of the Muses; for some say that there are three, and others that there are nine, but the number nine has prevailed since it rests upon the authority of the most distinguished men, such as Homer and Hesiod and others like them. Diodorus states Book I.
The word museum also comes from the Greek Muses. All the ancient writers appeal to the Muses at the beginning of their work. Homer asks the Muses both in the Iliad and Odyssey to help him tell the story in the most proper way, and until today the Muses are symbols of inspiration and artistic creation. In painting the Muses are usually presented as ethereal women with divine beauty, holding laurels and other items depending on their faculty. According to the Greek Myths, God Zeus bewildered the young woman Mnemosyne and slept with her for nine consecutive nights. The result of their encounter was the Nine Muses, who were similar to everything. When they grew up they showed their tendency to the arts, taught by God Apollo himself.