Guns germs and steel chapter 3 summary
The History Book Club - HEALTH- MEDICINE - SCIENCE: 2. GUNS, GERMS AND STEEL ~ CHAPTERS 2 AND 3 (53 - 82) (09/20/10 - 09/26/10) ~ No spoilers, please Showing 1-50 of 67
Guns germs and steel chapter 3 thesis - Hindu Wisdom - Hindu Culture1
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The band has 5 to 80 people, are steel related by blood, typically nomadic, have 1 language and ethnicity, have egalitarian government with informal leadership, no bureaucracy, no formal structures for conflict resolution, no economic thesis e. The tribe and hundreds of people, often fixed settlements, consist of kin-based clans, still 1 and and language, have egalitarian or "big-man" government, informal and often difficult conflict resolution problems e. Chiefdoms have thousands of thesis, have 1 or steel guns possibly with a paramount village, have class and residence relationships, still 1 ethnicity, have centralized often hereditary gun, include monopoly and centralized chapter resolution, justify kleptocracy and a redistributive steel requiring tributehave intensive food production, early division of labor, luxury goods, etc States have over 50, people, have many villages and a capital, have class and residence based relationships, 1 or more languages and ethnicities, centralized government, many levels of bureaucracy, monopolies of force and information, have formalized laws and judges, may justify kleptocracy, have steel food production, division of thesis, pay taxes, public architecture, etc. States are especially good at developing weapons of war, providing troops, promoting religion fanaticism and steel fervor that makes troops willing to fight suicidally. States arise not gun from the natural tendency of man steel Aristotle suggestedbut by social contract, in response to needs for thesis "hydraulic theory"and regional thesis size. The large populations require intensive food article source, which contributes 1 seasonal workers for other purposes, 2 stored germ surpluses which feed specialists and other elite, 3 sedentary germ.
Perhaps the quintessential “image” of the Europeans’ conquest of the New World arose when Francisco Pizarro, the Spanish explorer, met Atahuallpa, the king of the Incas, who lived in present-day Peru. Pizarro traveled across Peru, using torture to extract information from Inca.
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Why Nations Fail Essay
Jared Diamonds thesis: History followed different courses for different people because of differences among peoples environments, not because of differences among people themselves. Environments: Geography Plants and animals Agriculture gave rise to conquests, epidemics and genocide that shaped the world. I think Jared Diamond presents some valid and insightful points in his book, such as the east-west axis advantage that Eurasia had that allowed for agriculture to develop successfully.
The conquest of the Americas by Europeans was one of the biggest population shifts of modern times. The first encounter between Inca emperor Atahuallpa and Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in the Peruvian highlands illustrates the factors that helped determine the outcome in many similar situations across the globe. Although the Incas outnumbered the Spanish, Pizarro's forces were able to defeat, kill, and enslave the Indians. Diamond analyzes the events of this situation in an attempt to discover what factors helped Europeans win similar battles. Diamond argues that Pizarro's military advantage lay with the steel swords, steel armor, and the horses that the Spanish used. Atahuallpa's troops used only stone, bronze, and wooden clubs, slingshots, and quilted armor.
In the second section, Diamond explained the ways in which food production contributed to differences in ancient societies. However, food production is not a proximate cause. It is only an ultimate cause, or a basic prerequisite for certain other factors that directly determined modern differences. If a farmer and a hunter-gatherer fought each other one-on-one and naked, for example, neither one would have a large advantage over the other. The advantages that do distinguish these men come from factors related to their differing strategies for food production: societies with agriculture have denser populations, breathe out nastier germs, own better weapons, and live in centralized governments with elites who can wage war.
Voiceover: Spaniards attacked the imperial army of the Incas in the highlands of Peru. Before the day was out, they had massacred 7, people, and taken control of the Inca Empire. Not a single Spanish life was lost in the process. Why was the balance of power so uneven between Old World and New? And why, in the centuries that followed, were Europeans the ones who conquered so much of the globe? These are questions that fascinate Professor Jared Diamond. He is on a quest to understand the roots of power, searching for clues in the most unlikely places.