The birth and death of tragedy

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the birth and death of tragedy

The Birth of Tragedy by Friedrich Nietzsche

A compelling argument for the necessity for art in life, Nietzsches first book is fuelled by his enthusiasms for Greek tragedy, for the philosophy of Schopenhauer and for the music of Wagner, to whom this work was dedicated. Nietzsche outlined a distinction between its two central forces: the Apolline, representing beauty and order, and the Dionysiac, a primal or ecstatic reaction to the sublime. He believed the combination of these states produced the highest forms of music and tragic drama, which not only reveal the truth about suffering in life, but also provide a consolation for it. Impassioned and exhilarating in its conviction, The Birth of Tragedy has become a key text in European culture and in literary criticism.
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A speculative rather than exegetical work, The Birth of Tragedy examines the origins and development of poetry , specifically Greek tragedy. Nietzsche argues that Greek tragedy arose out of the fusion of what he termed Apollonian and Dionysian elements—the former representing measure, restraint, and harmony and the latter unbridled passion—and that Socratic rationalism and optimism spelled the death of Greek tragedy. Greeted by stony silence at first, the book became the object of heated controversy for those who mistook it for a conventional work of classical scholarship.
Friedrich Nietzsche

Nietzsche: The Death of Tragedy

They may also freely edit the text to suit their purposes. However, no commercial publication of this text or any part of it is permitted without permission of the translator. For any questions or comments please contact Ian Johnston. Note that in the following text, the words within square brackets have been added by the translator. The numbers in curved brackets indicate links to explanatory endnotes provided by the translator. As the opening section added in makes clear, Nietzsche himself later had some important reservations about the book. However, since that time the work has exerted a very important influence on the history of Western thought, particularly on the interpretations of Greek culture.

The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music is an work of dramatic theory by the German .. Amor fati · Apollonian and Dionysian · Eternal return · Faith in the Earth · God is dead · Herd instinct · Last man · Master–slave morality.
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Losing his illusionary sense of self and finding ultimate reality, man becomes the eternal. It is through Apollonian appearance that Dionysian reality of suffering is represented, as evident in the tragic hero, such as Oedipus and Prometheus that are truly masks of Dionysus himself. Euripides wrote a new style of tragedy based on Socratic moral principles of rationality and analysis, principles that overly place emphasis on the Apollonian principle of individualization, and rationalization. Thus Reason and an egotistical view of atomized self, by removing the mystery of primordial unity, killed the tragic art form. In the modern age, this imbalance can be seen in the dominance of science over art and spiritual intuition.


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