Theories about the causes of conflict
What Causes War?: An Introduction to Theories of International Conflict by Greg CashmanIn What Causes War? Greg Cashman provides a new synthesis of a rapidly expanding field. His analysis of international conflict starts at the level of individual psychology and proceeds through levels of rational decision making to large-scale theories of international systems. Cashman covers topics such as human aggression and psychological explanations for war; governmental decision making; the state and international conflict; and stimulus-response and game theories and their relation to arms races and deterrence. As the first such analysis published in years, this book will be invaluable for classroom use and will provide a substantial addition to the existing literature.
Why does conflict occur? a discussion of conflicting theories.
There have been many grand theories, each based on a certain interpretation of facts in the belief that patterns repeat themselves over and over again. Although each situation is different, these theories help frame debates, set priorities, and provide alternative lens with which to view specific cases. Since the end of the Cold War, theorists have emphasized economics and identity because ethnic identities have played a greater and geopolitics a lesser role in civil war than previously. A focus on horizontal inequities chimes well with my focus on social cohesion its presence, absence, degree. Countries are much more fragile when they have weak cohesion than when they have weak institutions.
In this context, power can be understood as control of material resources and accumulated wealth, control of politics and the institutions that make up society, and one's social status relative to others determined not just by class but by race, gender, sexuality, culture , and religion, among other things. But let there arise next to the little house a palace, and the little house shrinks to a hut. Conflict theory originated in the work of Karl Marx , who focused on the causes and consequences of class conflict between the bourgeoisie the owners of the means of production and the capitalists and the proletariat the working class and the poor. Focusing on the economic, social, and political implications of the rise of capitalism in Europe , Marx theorized that this system, premised on the existence of a powerful minority class the bourgeoisie and an oppressed majority class the proletariat , created class conflict because the interests of the two were at odds, and resources were unjustly distributed among them. Within this system an unequal social order was maintained through ideological coercion which created consensus--and acceptance of the values, expectations, and conditions as determined by the bourgeoisie.
Session 5. Conflict management Session guide: Conflict management Reading note: Conflict management. Why conflicts arise in organizations. Conditions leading to conflict. Effects of conflicts. Elements and stages in the conflict process.
What causes conflict? There have been many grand theories, each based on a certain interpretation of facts in the belief that patterns repeat.
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This website is coordinated by Modus Operandi. The research on causes of armed conflict so far has not produced a consistent theory acceptable to most scholars working in the field. However, It is very likely that there is one consensus: that conflict cannot be reduced to a single cause, or a single explanation. War is possible as soon as weapons are available with which to fight it and as long as there is a dispute between two or more parties. What makes war probable, however, is a far more complicated question. Before the early s most scholars concentrated on international war. Only recently have the causes for internal conflict come into consideration.
Introduction Why does conflict occur, and what can be done to prevent or solve it? This is the crucial question that scholars, peacemakers and other researchers try to answer on conflict resolution and transformation. The attempt to answer this question has led to several theories being developed. The general understanding of a conflict is that it is a relationship between two or more parties, whether individuals or groups, who have or think they have incompatible goals. The theories on conflict are traditionally based on the different assumptions, experiences and perceptions that people have about different conflict situations.