Facts about king ferdinand and queen isabella
Isabella: The Warrior Queen by Kirstin DowneyAn engrossing and revolutionary biography of Isabella of Castile, the controversial Queen of Spain who sponsored Christopher Columbuss journey to the New World, established the Spanish Inquisition, and became one of the most influential female rulers in history
Born at a time when Christianity was dying out and the Ottoman Empire was aggressively expanding, Isabella was inspired in her youth by tales of Joan of Arc, a devout young woman who unified her people and led them to victory against foreign invaders. In 1474, when most women were almost powerless, twenty-three-year-old Isabella defied a hostile brother and mercurial husband to seize control of Castile and Leon.
Her subsequent feats were legendary. She ended a twenty-four-generation struggle between Muslims and Christians, forcing Moorish invaders back over the Mediterranean Sea. She laid the foundation for a unified Spain. She sponsored Columbuss trip to the Indies and negotiated Spanish control over much of the New World with the help of Rodrigo Borgia, the infamous Pope Alexander VI. She also annihilated all who stood against her by establishing a bloody religious Inquisition that would darken Spains reputation for centuries.
Whether saintly or satanic, no female leader has done more to shape our modern world, where millions of people in two hemispheres speak Spanish and practice Catholicism. Yet history has all but forgotten Isabellas influence, due to hundreds of years of misreporting that often attributed her accomplishments to Ferdinand, the bold and philandering husband she adored.
Using new scholarship, Downeys luminous biography tells the story of this brilliant, fervent, forgotten woman, the faith that propelled her through life, and the land of ancient conflicts and intrigue she brought under her command.
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Isabella of Castile: Top 5 facts about Spains Inquisitor Queen
He united the Spanish kingdoms into the nation of Spain. In portraits, King Ferdinand II appears with soft, well-proportioned features, a small, sensual mouth, and pensive eyes. His literary descriptions are more complicated, although they agree in presenting him as good-looking, of medium height, and a good rider, devoted to games and to the hunt. He had a clear, strong voice. In , in the midst of a bitterly contested succession, John II named him heir apparent and governor of all his kingdoms and lands.
Her marriage to Ferdinand II of Aragon in became the basis for the de facto unification of Spain. After a struggle to claim her right to the throne, she reorganized the governmental system, brought the crime rate to the lowest it had been in years, and unburdened the kingdom of the enormous debt her brother had left behind.
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The two young monarchs had initially to fight a civil war against Juana, princess of Castile also known as Juana la Beltraneja , the purported daughter of Henry IV. They were ultimately successful. Ferdinand succeeded his father as King of Aragon in and the Crown of Castile and the various territories of the Crown of Aragon were united in a personal union. For the first time since the 8th century this created a single political unit which might be called Spain , although the various territories were not properly administered as a single unit until the 18th century. The first decades of Ferdinand and Isabella's joint rule were taken up with the conquest of the Kingdom of Granada , the last Muslim enclave in the Iberian peninsula. This was completed by In that same year, the Jews were expelled from both Castile and Aragon, and Christopher Columbus was sent by the couple on his expedition which would ultimately discover the New World.
Isabella I was the queen of the central region of modern-day Spain known as Castile and ruled from until her death in She was born on April 22, in the town of Madrigal de las Altas Torres. During her reign, Isabella and her husband equally shared power and established a code of law, strengthened the monarchy and enabled the dismantling of powers of the nobles within the country. Queen Isabella I is a powerful and iconic figure in Spanish history whose life story is a fascinating read. Here are some interesting facts about Isabella for Spanish language learners or anyone interested in expanding their Spanish knowledge! Download Now.
Isabella I was not originally heir to the throne. In terms of accomplishments, Isabella I unified Spain through her marriage to Ferdinand II of Aragon , and she financed the expedition of Christopher Columbus , leading to the discovery of the Americas. She also completed the Reconquista but infamously expelled Jews and Muslims and empowered the Spanish Inquisition. Three years after she was born, her half brother became king of Castile as Henry IV. Though her early years were spent quietly with her mother, she was soon drawn into Castilian politics.