What do jews believe about god
What Do Jews Believe?: The Spiritual Foundations of Judaism by David S. ArielIn this fresh and lucid study, Ariel presents the fundamentals of Jewish thought on the profound issues of God, human destiny, good and evil, Torah, and messianism, guiding the reader toward a definition of the beliefs that shape Jewish identity. This lively exploration of Jewish ideas and beliefs provides a rationale and stimulus for anyone seeking to understand or reconnect to the rich and diverse spiritual tradition of Judaism.
How did Judaism begin?
Among followers of Judaism , Jesus is viewed as having been the most influential and, consequently, the most damaging of all false messiahs. Judaism has never accepted any of the claimed fulfilments of prophecy that Christianity attributes to Jesus. Judaism also forbids the worship of a person as a form of idolatry , since the central belief of Judaism is the absolute unity and singularity of God. Traditional views of Jesus have been mostly negative, although in the Middle Ages Judah Halevi and Maimonides viewed Jesus as an important preparatory figure for a future universal ethical monotheism of the Messianic Age. Some modern Jewish thinkers have sympathetically speculated that the historical Jesus may have been closer to Judaism than either the Gospels or traditional Jewish accounts would indicate, starting in the 18th century with the Orthodox Jacob Emden and the reformer Moses Mendelssohn. This view is still espoused by some.
How important is belief in God? These questions—articulated in this way—are relatively modern ones. However, while normative Judaism has always been God-centered, some thinkers—both ancient and modern—have conceptualized Judaism in ways that make beliefs about God less central. The existence of God or gods was taken for granted in the ancient and medieval world. Atheism and agnosticism only emerged as real options in the modern era, as consequences of secularization, the separation of church and state, and above all, the reliance on science for explanations of natural phenomena.
This is a far more difficult question than you might expect. Judaism has no dogma, no formal set of beliefs that one must hold to be a Jew. In Judaism, actions are far more important than beliefs, although there is certainly a place for belief within Judaism. The closest that anyone has ever come to creating a widely-accepted list of Jewish beliefs is Rambam 's thirteen principles of faith. These principles, which Rambam thought were the minimum requirements of Jewish belief, are:. As you can see, these are very basic and general principles. Yet as basic as these principles are, the necessity of believing each one of these has been disputed at one time or another, and the liberal movements of Judaism dispute many of these principles.
Jewish people believe in the Torah, which was the whole of the laws given to At Mt. Sinai, God gave Moses the Law which would guide the Israelites to today.
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In Judaism , God has been conceived in a variety of ways. According to the rationalist stream of Judaism articulated by Maimonides , which later came to dominate much of official traditional Jewish thought, God is understood as the absolute one , indivisible, and incomparable being who is the ultimate cause of all existence. Traditional interpretations of Judaism generally emphasize that God is personal yet also transcendent , while some modern interpretations of Judaism emphasize that God is a force or ideal. Jews traditionally do not pronounce it, and instead refer to God as HaShem , literally "the Name". In prayer the Tetragrammaton is substituted with the pronunciation Adonai , meaning "My Master". After evolving from its monolatristic roots,  Judaism became strictly monotheistic. No consensus has been reached by academics on the origins of monotheism in ancient Israel, but "Yahweh clearly came out of the world of the gods of the Ancient Near East.