What is apology by plato about
Apology by PlatoThe Apology of Socrates is Platos version of the speech given by Socrates as he unsuccessfully defended himself in 399BCE against the charges of corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel (24b). Apology here has its earlier meaning (now usually expressed by the word apologia) of speaking in defense of a cause or of ones beliefs or actions.
The revised edition of this popular textbook features revised vocabulary and grammatical notes that now appear on the same page as the text, sentence diagrams, principal parts of verbs listed both by Stephanus page and alphabetically, word frequency list for words occurring more than twice, and complete vocabulary.
The Apology by Plato - Full Audiobook
It offers not just a defense of Socrates the man but also a defense of the philosophical life, which is one reason it has always been popular with philosophers! At the time he was 28 years old and a great admirer of Socrates, so the portrait and the speech may be embellished to cast both in a good light. Even so, some of what Socrates' detractors called his "arrogance" comes through. This is a little complicated. The trial took place in Athens in BCE. Socrates was not prosecuted by the state--that is, by the city of Athens, but by three individuals, Anytus, Meletus, and Lycon. He faced two charges:.
Specifically, the Apology of Socrates is a defence against the charges of "corrupting the youth" and "not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel" to Athens 24b. Among the primary sources about the trial and death of the philosopher Socrates — BC , the Apology of Socrates is the dialogue that depicts the trial, and is one of four Socratic dialogues, along with Euthyphro , Phaedo , and Crito , through which Plato details the final days of the philosopher Socrates. The Apology of Socrates , by the philosopher Plato — BC , was one of many explanatory apologia about Socrates's legal defence against accusations of corruption and impiety ; most apologia were published in the decade after the Trial of Socrates BC. Although Aristotle later classified it as a genre of fiction,  it is still a useful historical source about Socrates — BC the philosopher. Except for Socrates's two dialogues with Meletus, about the nature and logic of his accusations of impiety, the text of the Apology of Socrates is in the first-person perspective and voice of the philosopher Socrates 24d—25d and 26b—27d. Moreover, during the trial, in his speech of self-defence, Socrates twice mentions that Plato is present at the trial 34a and 38b. The Apology of Socrates begins with Socrates addressing the jury of perhaps Athenian men to ask if they have been persuaded by the Orators Lycon, Anytus, and Meletus, who have accused Socrates of corrupting the young people of the city and of impiety against the pantheon of Athens.
One day in the year BC, Socrates has been accused for impiety and corruption of youth. Socrates addressed some words to the court for his defense.
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Plato - Apology - A Summary
In this way Plato lets us know that he was an eyewitness of the trial and therefore in the best possible position to write about it. The other account we have of the trial, that of Xenophon , a contemporary of Socrates, is of a very different character. We know that Xenophon was not present as a live witness. Of greater importance is the fact that the two Apology s agree in many details. They agree about what the charges against Socrates were: failing to acknowledge the gods recognized by the city, introducing other new divinities, and corrupting the young. There is no reason to suppose that Xenophon had learned of these aspects of the trial from Plato. His agreement with Plato about these matters assures us that they are not fabrications.
Plato's The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates' speech, however, is by no means an "apology" in our modern understanding of the word. The name of the dialogue derives from the Greek "apologia," which translates as a defense, or a speech made in defense. Thus, in The Apology, Socrates attempts to defend himself and his conduct--certainly not to apologize for it. For the most part, Socrates speaks in a very plain, conversational manner. He explains that he has no experience with the law courts and that he will instead speak in the manner to which he is accustomed: with honesty and directness.