5 facts about the tuskegee airmen
Who Were the Tuskegee Airmen? by Sherri L. SmithIts up, up, and away with the Tuskegee Airmen, a heroic group of African American military pilots who helped the United States win World War II.
During World War II, black Americans were fighting for their country and for freedom in Europe, yet they had to endure a totally segregated military in the United States, where they werent considered smart enough to become military pilots. After acquiring government funding for aviation training, civil rights activists were able to kickstart the first African American military flight program in the US at Tuskegee University in Alabama. While this book details thrilling flight missions and the grueling training sessions the Tuskegee Airmen underwent, it also shines a light on the lives of these brave men who helped pave the way for the integration of the US armed forces.
Tuskegee Airmen Facts
The Tuskegee airmen once shot down three German jets in a single day. Davis, commander of the Tuskegee airmen, set out on the longest escort mission their crews would fly during World War II. While the American Ps typically lagged behind the Me s and s, they could outmaneuver them at low speeds. Thurgood Marshall, the future Supreme Court justice, got his start defending Tuskegee bomber trainees. The aim was to send pilots—many of them veterans of the original Tuskegee fighter group—back to the States for training on B bombers. Thurgood Marshall, then a young lawyer, represented the black officers who had landed in jail as a result of the confrontation. The men were soon released although one was later convicted of violent conduct and fined.
Army Air Force units in World War II that were comprised primarily of African American flyers and maintenance crews, though a few white officers and trainers were also involved. The group compiled an impressive record, primarily in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, despite facing frequent resistance to their presence in the formerly all-white Army Air Corps. Although the best-known Tuskegee Airmen were the fighter pilots of the nd Pursuit Group 99th, th, st, and nd fighter squadrons , the th Bombard Group the first black bomber group was also part of the Tuskegee Airmen. Pilots, navigators, bombardiers, maintenance and support staff, and instructors all played a role. Service in the U. Army Air Corps had been limited to white personnel from its inception as part of the U. Army Signal Corps in until near the end of the s.