5 facts about the battle of somme
The Somme: The Darkest Hour on the Western Front by Peter HartOn July 1, 1916, the British Army launched the Big Push that was supposed to bring an end to the horrific stalemate on the Western Front between British, French and German forces. What resulted was one of the greatest single human catastrophes in twentieth century warfare: scrambling out of trenches in the face of German machine guns and artillery fire, the British lost over twenty thousand soldiers during the first day. This battle would drag on for another four bloody months.Expertly weaving together letters, diaries, and other first-person accounts, Peter Hart gives us a compelling narrative tribute to this infamous tragedy that epitomized the futility of the war to end all wars.
Walking the Battle of the Somme
10 Facts About the Battle of the Somme
Advancing British troops found that the German defences had not been destroyed as expected and many units suffered very high casualties with little progress. The Somme became an attritional or 'wearing-out' battle. Operations on the River Ancre continued with some gains, but in deteriorating weather conditions major operations on the Somme ended on 18 November. Over the course of the battle, British forces took a strip of territory 6 miles 10km deep by 20 miles 32km long. As an attritional offensive, the Battle of the Somme involved heavy casualties on both sides.
Fought in northern France, British and French armies fought the Germans for five months in a brutal battle of attrition on a mile front. However, they were unable to break through German lines and as a result of this there were over one million soldiers dead and wounded on all sides. Although this is one of the most well-known battles of the First World War, here are some facts that you may not have known…. The original attack date was the 1 st August and was intended to be a joint attack with the British and French troops attempting to drain the German forces of their reserves. However, with the ongoing brutal German attack at Verdun, it was ordered that the date to be brought forward to 1 st July in order to divert German resources from Verdun to defend the Somme, which meant the attack fell into British hands. British forces, which included troops from Britain, Ireland, Newfoundland in Canada, South Africa and India had a shocking 57, casualties and almost 20, fatalities within the first 24 hours. During the five months that would follow on the Somme, more than a million soldiers from both Allied and German armies with injured or lost their lives.
The amount of casualties on the first day alone is astounding, but there were over a million casualties once the battle was through. Made up primarily of a volunteer army, the Battle of the Somme was the largest military offensive that the British Army had launched in Following the start of the Battle of Verdun, the Allies looked to further weaken German forces. Beginning on 24 June , the Allies bombarded the Germans with shelling for seven days. Over 1. After the bombardment, the Battle of the Somme began on 1 July
After the bombardment, the Battle of the Somme began on 1 July It would last for almost five months. The last battle was on 13 November.
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One of the bloodiest clashes of the First World War, the five-month battle of the Somme — which took place between July and November — claimed the lives of more than , British soldiers, with more than 57, British casualties on the first day alone. Here are eight facts about the devastating battle…. It would therefore be the French commander-in-chief, General Joffre, who would control the overall direction of the campaign. Picardy was the area chosen for the attack, in the sector where the French and British armies adjoined each other on either side of the river Somme. The French would launch an attack south of the river while the British would attack to the north, both armies sharing a huge battlefront that was initially intended to span some 60 miles. No major offensive had yet taken place in the Somme sector and the surrounding ground had therefore escaped the wholesale destruction that other areas of France and Belgium had suffered.