Ethnic conflict management in africa
Ethnic Conflict Management in Africa: A Comparative Case Study of Nigeria and South Africa by Emmy IrobiDr. Emmy Godwin Irobi recently completed his PhD on Ethnic Conflict Management in Africa, in University of Leipzig, Germany. His research interest is Ethnic conflict, and conflict resolution. He earlier obtained a Masters Degree in International Relations (1991) from University of Warsaw, Poland, and a Diploma in Journalism (1983) from International Institute of Journalism, Berlin. Presently Dr. Irobi lives in Poland where he practices as a freelance Journalist and consultant in conflict resolution.
Managing Ethnic Conflict in Africa
Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Abstract This paper proposes, among other things, that ethnic conflicts in Africa are fallout of colonialism. Relying on the comparative study of Nigeria and South Africa, it is the contention in this paper that ethnic conflict which has been at the heart of African countries development problem is a product of skewed economy, authoritarian governance and religious bigotry. There is no gainsaying the fact that African countries in contemporary times contend with greater challenges to peace and stability than ever before. Conflicts igniting factors in Africa have been a hotch - potch of insecurity, instability and poverty manifesting in hunger and starvation. All these are themselves products of corrupt and rapacious political institutions that assumed power in the African countries. The contention therefore in this paper is that conflict has become a reoccurring decimal in Africa because the countries lack political will and consequently ineffective in conflict management.
From Angola to Armenia and from Kosovo to Kenya the world is witnessing the rise of virulent ethnic nationalisms. This article has three main objectives. First, it aims to provide a broad overview of the theoretical quagmire of notions of ethnic conflict. Second, by means of examining Nigeria as a case study it examines how variables such as governance, civil-military relations, economics and religion effect notions of ethnic identity. Finally, it proposes certain policy-relevant recommendations to address the problem of ethnic conflict in Nigeria. Ethnic conflict is an issue that, particularly during the last decade or so, has crept to the forefront of international political debate.
By engaging the colonial factor in African conflicts, this article seeks to understand the ineffectiveness of efforts at conflict management in overcoming the disasters that brought the conflicts to the African continent. It claims that conflict in Africa does not always stem primarily from crises of national governance and the failure of governmental institutions in African countries to mediate conflict, and revisits the colonial factor as the root of many conflicts in Africa. The article reconsiders the conflict management and conflict resolution debate and indicts former colonial powers and powerful organisations for maintaining colonial-style approaches to African conflicts at the expense of a desire to address the fundamental issues that divide the parties to the different conflicts. I am sure that none of you would want to rest content with the superficial kind of social analysis that deals mainly with effects and does not grapple with underlying causes Martin Luther King Jr The conflict resolution community seems to pursue conflict resolution efforts in Africa from a variety of purposes and interests and with policies that are often replete with ambiguities and contradictions.
Donations are not now providing the minimal funding needed to maintain and develop BI. While we work hard to keep costs down, we still need your financial support. We need your financial support. Nigeria and South Africa could be likened to the Biblical Aaron and Moses, who were endowed with the responsibility to bring Africa out from the bondage of despair, decline and underdevelopment. As regional powers, history has imposed on them the enormous task of finding solutions to some of the most pressing African concerns.