Kenya gained independence from britain
The History Book Club - AFRICA: KENYA Showing 1-26 of 26
The History Of Kenya
The colonial government then turned its attention to African political representation, and in Kenya became the first East African territory to include an African on its Legislative Council. The number was increased to two in , four in , and eight in , although all were appointed by the governor from a list of names submitted by local governments. This, however, did not satisfy African demands for political equality.
2. British Kenya (1920-1963)
A part of Eastern Africa, the territory of what is now Kenya has seen human habitation since the beginning of the Lower Paleolithic. The Bantu expansion from a West African centre of dispersal reached the area by the 1st millennium AD. With the borders of the modern state at the crossroads of the Bantu , Nilo-Saharan and Afro-Asiatic ethno-linguistic areas of Africa, Kenya is a truly multi-ethnic state. The European and Arab presence in Mombasa dates to the Early Modern period, but European exploration of the interior began only in the 19th century. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in Kenyatta was succeeded by Daniel arap Moi , who ruled until Moi attempted to transform the de facto one-party status of Kenya into a de jure status during the s, but with the end of the Cold War , the practices of political repression and torture which had been "overlooked" by the Western powers as necessary evils in the effort to contain communism were no longer tolerated.
The Nilotic and Bantu people also moved into the region during the first millennium AD. Evolving from a mixture of Bantu and Arabic, the Swahili language then developed as a lingua franca for trade between the different peoples. When the Portuguese arrived in , the Arab dominance on the coast was clipped, as the Port of Mombasa became an important resupply stop for ships bound for the Far East. The Portuguese gave way in turn to Islamic control under the Imam of Oman in the s until another European influence came along, this time from the United Kingdom during the 19th century. The roots of the colonial history of Kenya go back to the Berlin Conference in , when East Africa was first divided into territories of influence by the European powers. The British Government founded the East African Protectorate in and soon after, opened the fertile highlands to white settlers.
As Kenya marks 50 years of independence from Great Britain on Thursday, politicians, commentators and citizens are reflecting on how the country has changed — and looking ahead to what the next-half century has in store. Commemorative stamps have been printed, more than 60, people are expected at a concert in Nairobi on Thursday, and the anniversary has kicked off a lively discussion on Twitter , with messages of celebration intermingled with concern for the country's future. Some say the September attacks on Nairobi's Westgate mall , and the charges facing President Uhuru Kenyatta at the international criminal court, have cast a pall on the festivities.
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Discover in a free daily email today's famous history and birthdays Enjoy the Famous Daily. Search the whole site. Masai and Kikuyu: to the 19th century. In the time before the arrival of outsiders and the beginning of recorded history, the Masai are the dominant tribe in the region now known as Kenya. They arrive as nomadic pastoralists from the north, probably in the midth century. They are not Kenya's largest tribe a distinction going to the Kikuyu, who live by agriculture , but the fierce reputation of the Masai warriors, engaging in frequent raids against their neighbours, gives them a power beyond their numbers.