Home rule movement in india

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home rule movement in india

Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule Quotes by Mahatma Gandhi

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The Home Rule Movement and Its Fallout

Annie Besant was a British supporter of Indian nationalism. She became the President of the Indian National Congress in Annie Besant b. Woods was a social reformer, campaigner for women's rights, leading theosophist and supporter of Indian nationalism. Born in London in , she married the clergyman Frank Besant c. In they legally separated and Besant joined the National Secular Society and the Fabian Society and started to move in the free-thought and socialist circles.

The romantic adventure of the Ghadar revolutionaries was the dramatic response of Indians living abroad to the First World War. On 16 June , Bal Gangadhar Tilak was released after serving a prison sentence of six years, most of which he had spent in Mandalay in Burma. He returned to India very different to the one he had been banished from. The Indian National Congress had yet to recover from the combined effects of the split at Surat in , the heavy government repression of the activists of the Swadeshi Movement, and the disillusionment of the Moderates with the constitutional reforms of Tilak initially concentrated all his attention on seeking readmission, for himself and other Extremists, into the Indian National Congress. He was obviously convinced that the sanction of this body, that had come to symbolize the Indian national movement, was a necessary pre-condition for the success of any political action. Many of the Moderate leaders of the Congress were also unhappy with the choice they had made in at Surat, and also with the fact that the Congress had lapsed into almost total inactivity.

Selected Bibliography

Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Pleasant Library of Special Collections and Archives. Gopi Nath Price : Rs. The causes and forms of the Home Rule Movement naturally deserve special attention and the present siudy is welcome effort in this direction Inspired by the Irish experiment, Mrs Annie Besant initiated Horae Role Movement m Indu Itt this pursuit she was joined by BalGangadhar Tilak although both radically differed in temperament as on various national issues Yet. Performance of Home Rule League and Home Rule propaganda have been treated meticulously in separate chapters to arrive at a balanced verdict on the historic place of Home Rule Movement in India.

Home Rule League , either of two short-lived organizations of the same name in India established in April and September , respectively, by Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak and British social reformer and Indian independence leader Annie Besant. The term, borrowed from a similar movement in Ireland , referred to the efforts of Indian nationalists to achieve self-rule from the British Indian government. Both, however, worked toward the same objective of mobilizing Indian public opinion—largely by peaceful means—in favour of self-government, and from the start each worked closely with the other. Pressure by Home Rulers on the British contributed to the drafting of the Montagu Declaration in by Edwin Samuel Montagu , secretary of state for India, which in turn laid the groundwork for political reforms in India instituted by Britain after World War I. By then, however, the influence of the Home Rule organizations had diminished. Home Rule League.

The Home Rule Movement was the Indian response to the First World War in a less charged but a more effective way than the response of Indians living abroad which took the form of the romantic Ghadr adventure. The Indian Home Rule Leagues were organised on the lines of the Irish Home Rule Leagues and they represented the emergence of a new trend of aggressive politics. Annie Besant and Tilak were the pioneers of this new trend. He also said that the acts of violence had only served to retard the pace of political progress in India. He urged all Indians to assist the British Government in its hour of crisis. Both Tilak and Besant realised that the sanction of a Moderate-dominated Congress as well as full cooperation of the Extremists was essential for the movement to succeed. Having failed at the session of the Congress to reach a Moderate-Extremist rapprochement, Tilak and Besant decided to revive political activity on their own.

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